All of the basic principles of assessment that apply to individual work apply to group work as well. Assessing group work has added wrinkles, however. First, depending on the objectives of the assignment, both process and product-related skills must be assessed. Second, group performance must be translated into individual grades – which raises issues of fairness and equity. Complicating both these issues is the fact that neither group processes nor individual contribution are necessarily apparent in the final product. Thus, the instructor needs to find ways of obtaining that information.
Here are some suggestions:
- assess process not just product
- ask students to assess their own contribution to the team
- hold individuals accountable
- ask students to evaluate their groups dynamics and contributions of teammates